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AfghanistanEdit

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Capital: Kabul
Afghanistan-Map 1

Area: 251,772 square miles

Population: 28,395,716

GDP: $27.361 billion

GDP per capita: $517

Government:

President: Hamid Karza

Vice President: Mohammed Fahim and Karim Khail

Chief Justice: Abdul Salam Azim

September 11: 2001Edit

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-There were multiple reasons why the US invaded Afghanistan. At this time, Afghanistan was controlled by Osama Bin Laden, and their organization Al-Qaeda (the Taliban). In the 911 incident, the pilots who flew the plane onto the Twin Towers and a wing of the pentagon were all trained in Afghanistan. Therefore, today, all historians believe that the attack on Afghanistan was justified, or at least reasonable and expected. The September 11 Incidents were terrorists attempts on destroying the twin towers, the pentagon, and the white
World Trade Center 9 11 2001 gallery msg 11579208933
house. These series of incidents were directed by the organization group Al-Qaeda, which was led by Osama Bin-Laden. The hijackers killed 3000 people and injured numerous men. Originally, Al-Qaeda and its leader, Osama Bin Laden, denied involvement to these events, however, in 2004, they claimed responsibility to this disaster.The two twin towers of the incident fell within two hours of the planes crashing onto the structures. Numerous other buildings surrounding the towers were also damaged by the falling debris. Many buildings around the area were also condemned and shut down due to the potential lethal gas that would surround the area.200 units of firefighters were immediately sent to the scene to deal with the situation. In this short period of time, many off-duty officers and many Emergency reaction groups were sent right to the scene. However, the only thing that the officers could do to make a significant change was to issue warnings in order to not further casualty numbers.


US-Afghanistan InvasionEdit

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The War in Afghanistan began in October, 2001. The US sent in Armed Forces in response to the September 11 incidences. The aim of this invasion was the attempt to find Osama Bin Laden and other high ranking officials of the Al-Qaeda. The Bush administration stated that they would not be attempting to distinguish between terrorist organizations and the countries or nations that harbored them. After the refusal of the Taliban regime to cease harboring the terrorist organization: Al-Qaeda. The US invaded Al-Qaeda training camps and other such related facilities. The Bush administration claimed that this was an unmistakable message sent to the outside world that stated the United States will not be living under an
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US troops in Afghanistan poppy fields

umbrella of fear and intimidation.

Operation Enduring Freedom began when the United States demanded the bringing down of terrorist organization Al-Qaeda and the handing ove of its leader: Osama Bin-Laden. The invasion began on October 7, 2011.In November, Kabul fell to repeated military attacks from the United States front. Although there were repeated attempts. Within 24 hours of this particular event, Taliban forces had retreated from a lot of their strongholds up north and had to retire to their base down south of Afghanistan. By November 13, all the Taliban and the Al-Qaeda forces had to leave and retreat to the Tora Bora Caves as a last resort. At this stage, Afghanistan was finally ruled by American troops instead of Taliban and Al-Qaeda.

After successfully managing to evade the United States throughout 2002, the Taliban insurgency began increasing in confidence and began to regroup. They prepared to launch the insurgency that Mullah Muhammed Omar proposed during his last days of presidency.Al-Qaeda training camps began forming throughout the borders of Afghanistan when Osama Bin Laden and his terrorist group left the Tora Bora Caves. These camps began training the Taliban and Al-Qaeda refugees in terms of Guerilla Warfare and Tactics. The people who generally joined these armies were people who went to religious schools and were severely influenced by the Al-Qaeda and Taliban ideals. Many Afghanistan soldeirs and civilians were killed as the Taliban regained their previous strength.

In 2006, NATO united several European countries and borrowed their forces to invade Afghanistan. Throughout many different excursions and attacks to the Taliban. NATO managed to deny them lots of ground and have managed to push Taliban to the brink of failure. However, at this point, the Taliban weren't completely failed and the NATO organization had to bring their movements and actions to 2007. In 2008 and 2009, United States and Britan both began major troop surges in the country and began an attempt to wipe out the Taliban from the face of the world. However, throughout many complex and giant scale operations, the NATO organization still didn't manage to completely destroy Taliban as they hid in caves. More importantly, their leader: Osama Bin Laden was still unable of being found after nearly 10 years of hunting him down. However, in 2011, the United States efforts finally succeeded as they managed to kill Osama Bin Laden in a millionaire house near the capital city of Kabul. This, as president Obama stated, was an extremely important and greatly symbolic step towards fighting and defeating terrorism. Of course, many questions transpired as to how Osama Bin Laden could live so close to the captial of Afghanistan without being discovered, and pointed fingers towards the president of Afghanistan to claims of conspiracy that were almost immediately declined by the Afghan administration.

Opium TradeEdit

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Opium trade accounts for more than 50% of Afghanistan’s GDP. This is trade is where the Taliban gets its funds. The US and the NATO are trying to stop opium trade in Afghanistan for the good of the locals, to seize the funding opium trade provides for the Taliban and to allow the UN to accept Afghanistan into its global
R154804 557487

Afghan farmers in poppy farm

economy. According to the UN, in 2009 it was reported that the amount of opium crop grown in Afghanistan along with the prices of the crap have gone down substantially. In 2008, it was reported that Afghan farmers were earning $700 million from opium trade. In 2009, it was reported that Afghan farmers were earning $438 million from opium trade. The main contributor to the sudden drop is the oversupply of opium. The cultivation of opium has dropped drastically because of the drop in the prices. The Afghan farmers have switched from cultivating opium to legal crops, like wheat. The lower the prices, the less profit. There have also been many successful interdiction establishments that have also contributed to the decline of opium trade in Afghanistan.


New Government, New ConstitutionEdit

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Afghanistan is an Islamic republic. Hamid Karzai was first elected in 2004 and was re-elected in 2009. Before the election and after the oust of the Taliban Emirate, the delegates in the Bonn Conference gathered together and agreed on Karzai becoming the new leader of the Afghan Interim Authority. The Bonn Conference was a German hosted conference that occurred in December 2001, during the US invasion of Afghanistan. In this conference, the anti-Taliban allies gathered in Bonn to decide who would be the leader of the Afghan Interim Authority. The Afghan Transitional Administration (AIA) was also formed, with a six month mandate to be followed by a two year Transitional Authority (TA). Elections were held after. The structure of the TA was announced in June 2002 when a loya jirga (grand assembly) gathered to establish the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan (TISA). The TISA had eighteen months to hold a constitutional loya jirga to draft a new
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constitution and twentyfour months hold elections. The loya jirga was removed and replaced by the National Assembly. Under the Bonn Agreement, the Afghan Constitution Commission was established to gather with the public to draft a new constitution. The meeting of a constitutional loya jirgawas was held in December 2003, when the new constitution was adopted. The new constitution created a presidential form of government with a bicameral legislature, the House of Elders and the Hose of the People. On October 9 2004, the presidential election was held, over 10 million Afghans voted. This was this first national election in Afghanistan since 1969. Many of Karzai’s opponents tried to boycott the elections but that was useless. Karzai won with 55.4%. An independent commission found evidence of vote being rigged but stated it did not affect the outcome of the poll. Karzai was inaugurated as President on December 7 2004. On September 18 2005, the parliamentary elections were held. Sibghatullah Mojadeddi became the head of the upper house, Yunus Qanuni became the head of the lower house.



Osama Bin Laden's DeathEdit

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On April 29, 2011, 12 US division six Navy Seals were authorized by the US CIA and Commander and Chief (Obama) to launch a raid on the millionaire house near Kabul, Afghanistan in an attempt to capture Osama Bin Laden. The Navy Seals along with the joint special operations stormed the warehouse with two helicopters. Howeer, one of the helicopters were downed during the mission and had to go through a "hard-landing" in order for the operation to continue. A reinforcement helicopter was sent, however, the damaged helicopter had to be destroyed to protect technology secrets. In total, a combined amount of 79 soldiers and a dog (believed to have explosive device training) were involved in Operation Neptune Star.

Osama-Bin-Laden-Dead

Osama Bin Laden

Bin Laden was shot and killed when he returned to his room. The official report stated that he didn't surrendur and hold up his hands. The US Navy Seals stated that they would have simply captured Osama Bin Laden and wouldn't have killed him if he held up his hands and surrendured. However, an unnamed US official stated that their mission was not to capture Osama Bin Laden, but to immobolize him with whatever method possible. President Obama and his administration stated that their primary objective was to avoid civilian casualty. This operation was taken without Pakistan government knowledge. Many critics stated that the Pakistan military had some role in hiding the location of Osama's compound. A Pakistinian columnist stated that it was impossible for Osama Bin Laden to be hiding so good to a heavily military guarded compound without being found out. The Pakistan administration declared that they denied all charges of knowing the whereabouts and denied all charges of hiding the alleged Osama Bin Laden.


Obama Summoned to the International CourtEdit

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Following the killing of Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan, Osama Bin Laden's son, Omar Bin Laden, a non-member of terrorist organization Al-Qaeda has claimed that he has taken no part in his father's terrorism activites and goes as far as to disagreeing with them. However, he has also stated that as Osama Bin Laden is his father, he deserves proper respect and is currently demanding evidence of the US governnment that there were actual legal grounds to the killing of Osama Bin Laden, and that this event was not simply murder. Omar Bin Laden further states that failure to provide such evidence will result in a case in the international court. The Obama administration have repeated refused to give information and evidence to Omar Bin Laden about the situation of his father's death. However, they have stated that they killed Osama Bin Laden becaue he failed to surrendur and was therefore conceived as a threat. Later that year, in January 2012, Obama and his adminstration were summoned to international court regarding this case. Omar Bin Laden pressed charges of War Crimes and 14 other minor charges against President Obama and his conduct. Obama's adminstration refuted all these chrages but have yet to produce evidence on the issue. Later that year, on April 2012,
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International Court

President Obama was once again summoned to Hauge, Netherlands for further questioning, this time, evidence was provided that there were multiple shootouts inside the compound. However, no further evidence was provided. The White House also gave no comment other than: "The situation regarding Obama and Osama Bin-Laden is currently being dealt with, however, we do not forsee any difficulties in explaining the issue." Meanwhile, protests were roaring in the streets as many young college students stormed out of their homes claiming that even if the plan was an assassination attempt, Osama deserved it. Several radical parties have also stated that Omar Bin Laden should be arrested for his suspiscious attempts on having president Obama arrested and have pointed the finger on him attempting to immobolize the United States Government. The White House has stated that they hold no contempt towards Omar Bin Laden or any of his actions. In late 2012 Obama is re-elected to office after defeating fellow democrat Hilary Clinton in the Democratic Party and dismissing the challenge of John Boehner, the current Speaker of the Hosue, who was an opposing republican. On March 14, 2013, Obama is dismissed from internation court upon finally summoning evidence that Osama Bin Laden and his subourdinates provided a struggle before the United States Navy Seals disposed of them. Omar Bin Laden stated that he was still not completely satisfied with the evidence but "it will have to do". The Obama Administration have refused to further comment on the issue.


Defense Secretary AssassinationEdit

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On April 26, 2013, an assassination attempt involving United States Defense Secretary Robert Gates was evoked. 20 pounds of plastic C4 explosive was placed above an underground sewer pipe. When defense secretary Robert Gates walked into his limousine, the terrorists activated the explosive, destorying half of the
Gates
street and immediately killing the defense secretary. Unfortunetly, a school bus containing 20 school children were passing by and were also killed in the explosion. President Obama and his adminstration have stated that the loss of Defense Secretary Robert Gates was a great loss to the whole country and offered the Gates family his greatest condolences for a loved member as such. He also expressed sorrow at the deaths of the 20 kindergarten children in the school bus, claming these acts to be "cowardly" and "inhuman". Obama vowed, “we make Al-Qaeda pay for what they have done.”


War on Terror IIEdit

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On November 3, 2014, the US Army attacks Al-Qaeda bases in Afghanistan. This was the way Al-Qaeda

Ayman al-Zawahiri

would “pay for what they have done.” The Al-Qaeda

base was completely destroyed. 48 hours later it was

reported that Ayman al-Zawahiri, one of the Al-Qaeda

leaders had a 20 year old son present at the base.

Mohammed, Ayman al-Zawahiri’s son was helping his

father run some errands at the camp. On January 5,

Ayman al-Zawahiri reported with tears in his eyes that

he would “seek revenge and vengeance on

Mohammed’s behalf.” He threatens the US with the

atomic bombs owned by the Inter-Services

Intelligence in Pakistan. But soon after that the Inter-Services Intelligence denied the allegations and said there

was no such threat.

Afghanistan Presidential ElectionsEdit

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On January 2015, the presidential elections are held. There were thirty candidates, but again the real

competition was between Hamid Karzai and Abdullah Abdullah. Hamid Karzai had 46% of the votes and

Abdullah had 36% of the votes. The streets of Afghanistan are beginning to be filled with student protests

Afghanistan elections 20041

asking for democracies. Knowing the demands of the

students, Karzai

declared he was willing to consider a

democratic Afghanistan. Abdullah on the other hand,

opposes it. He is still

then proud leader of the Coalition

for Change and Hope, the anti democratic movement.


Al-Qaeda and Taliban vs USEdit

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As promised, Ayman al-Zawahiri strikes back. But this time they are not alone, the Taliban join them. On May

FE DA 080520afghanistan
5, 2015, Al-Qaeda and the Taliban target more civilians.

The operation took careful planning over the course of

year. Al-Qaeda and Taliban terrorists disguised

themselves and boarded public vehicles. Originally,

there were supposed to be seven bombings, each in

different states. But some civilians reported “suspicious”

men that resembled terrorists. Knowing that al-Zawahiri

would take his revenge, the American troops seized the

“suspicious” men. Three terrorists were found and

detained but the other seven were successful with their suicide bombings. All together, there were 70 deaths and

200 casualties. The attack was very successful.

Taliban Fall, Al-Qaeda WeakensEdit

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47296935 patrol afp

In March 2017, the US and NATO launch their last

attacks on the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. The US(my nigga tho) and

NATO were keeping tabs on mass movements in

Afghanistan and Pakistan. They found many

suspicious mass migrations and movements. They

studied these suspicious migrations and movements

until they ended up with twenty locations where Al-

Qaeda and the Taliban could be hiding. For example,

they found that there were sudden unexplained mass

migrations in Hazara Town, Quetta in Pakistan. They also found subtle movement in the northeast regions of

the Hindu Kush mountains and the economy was quite erratic. The US and NATO observed these areas for a

while before attacking. They discovered that Al-Qaeda were inhabiting Hazara Town in Pakistan and secretly

abducting Hazaras to torture and kill. They also found out that there was a Taliban base in Hindu Kush

mountains that had undiscovered precious and semi-precious stones. im pretty sure this tuff is fake look at the dates 2015 2017 alll havent happend yet The Taliban took the stones and sold

them off, this explained the jumps in the economy.


NATO and the US troops attacked ten suspicious locations. The attack went on for a few days. The leaders of


the Taliban and Al-Qaeda were seized and capture. Saif al-Adel, Abdul Ghani Baradar and Obaidullah Akhund

are captured. Mohammed Omar, having been under critical condition after the January 12 Incident has also

been arrested.

Taliban Fall and Afghans Demand DemocracyEdit

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Following the change to democracy in almost all Muslim countries in 2016, the Taliban ruled Afghanistan

citizens began communicating with the United States military. To begin with, the citizens of Afghanistan set up

a chain of command. On an almost daily basis, the leader of the citizens would go to the outskirts of their

particular city and begin conversing with the American Military. Through this, they began organizing their attack

on the Taliban ruled governement and were supplied by various and different weapons by the United States

military, as president Clinton states: "The winds of war are howling"


On March 16, 2018, Afghanistan citizens launched the intial attack on the government, while US military

planes that were stationed near the borders came in a blew up 95% of all the military bases, the citizen packed

military surrounded all the government posts and held over 100

Protest1HP
major and minor govenors hostage while they demanded

democracy. Originally, the Taliban disagreed and began

returning fire to the United States military and the citizens,

however, due to high amounts of casualites from the

bombed military bases, the Taliban were soon destroyed

with the leader of the Taliban, Mullah Fazei, killed in the

crossfire.

On April 18, 2018, the Taliban officially surrendur and are

summoned up to International Court for questioning. The

International Court press charges for 14 cases of warcrimes. After a long 18 months of trial and the gathering

of extremely complicated facts, all Taliban members who were summoned were condemned to prison for an

indefinite period of time.

Afghan Protests Lead to Fall of Al-QaedaEdit

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By September 2020, the civilian protests were at their peak. The streets were filled with college and high

school students demanding a democracy, "The days of having an Islamic republic are over. It is time to get rid

of the old and establish the new. We want a democracy!" Half of the population, around 15 thousand say they

will boycott the presidential elections unless their demands are considered.


Small groups of Al-Qaeda were still active in rural towns and in Pakistan, near the Afghanistan border but were

weakened by the previous years of ongoing war with the US. The existing Al-Qaeda groups were angered by

0305protest

the street protests and started shooting and threatening the protestors. That started the Jihad Movement of

2020. Namiz al-Adel, Saif al-Adel’s son was leading the violent attacks against the protestors. There were

several attempted bombings and suicide attacks but without their leaders and funding from heroin trade, Al-

Qaeda are incapable to do as well as they used to.


The Al-Qaeda went on a raid, killing thirty students and wounding fifty. The protestors were furious, taking the

attacks personally. A group of protestors gathered in Kabul to plan an attack against Al-Qaeda. On March

2021, 200 protestors marched to the Al-Qaeda bases and killed 50 Al-Qaeda men. This was the last huge Al-

Qaeda bases. There were some more smaller ones scattered around Pakistan and Afghanistan but they

eventually died out.


This protest raid marked the end of Al-Qaeda. Although there were some more supporters, there were only a

handful. Not enough to start a rebellion or war.



Upcoming 2021 Presidential ElectionsEdit

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This year there are fifteen candidates, the least candidates in a long time. But the real competition is between

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Mamid Naiz, one of the leading protestors demanding democracy

long time president, Hamid Karzai and Yahew Khan. Hamid Khan, already

64, has been president since for 17

years. Yahew Khan, 50, a fresh face.


The Afghan protestors want a democracy. The protests have become

violent because Karzai has been

avoiding the protestors. Mamid Naiz, one of the leading protestors has

announced, “we will boycott the

elections if we have to in order for our voices to be heard.” The elections

are in two weeks and only a third of

the population is actually going to participate in the voting.

ReferencesEdit

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http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/breaking/2010/1017/breaking24.html

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article5440404.ece

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/05/12/AR2009051200438.html

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-South-Central/2010/0112/How-US-is-tackling-opium-trade-in-Afghanistan-poppy-heartland

http://kabul.usembassy.gov/media/afghan_opium_myths_and_facts-final.pdf

"Population of Afghanistan". The World Factbook. CIA. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-12.

"Afghanistan". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2010-03-17.

"Afghanistan resistance leader feared dead in blast". London: Ahmed Rashid in the Telegraph. 2001-09-11.

"Inside the Taliban". National Geographic. 2007.

"NATO's role in Afghanistan". Nato.int. 2010-11-09. Retrieved 2010-11-14.